MASTER HERB INDEX

Jes's Online Master Herb Index

published originally in 2013 on Tumblr, please note the punctuation in this article was purposefully done then during a very experimental time...

Aloe Vera :: Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae

Plant Info: leaf edges have spiny teeth

Found: warm places such as Africa and the Mediterranean 

Medicinal Uses: Burns . Dermatitis . Laxative . UV Rays (parts of leaf juice) . Wounds

Uses: gel from inside the leaves is used in skin creams to moisturize, soothe, and heal

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American Ginseng :: Panax quinquefolium Family: Araliaceae

Cultivation: ginseng must be grown (cultivated) under artificial shade. China has opened production of American ginseng. Won’t be as popular in China, so it’ll be mixed with wild.

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Anise Seed :: Pimpinella anisum Family: Apiaceae

Parts Used: seed

Grown: Europe, USA

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, anise oil seed is toxic in large amounts

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Angelica :: Angelica archangelica Family: Umbelliferae, 60 species in the family

Part Used: Root

Medicinal Use: Bladder Infection . Antiseptic . Diuretic . Carminative: gentle on children, good aid to digestive problems, quick to expel gas from gut and bowel . Angelica drops for eye problems: used during the middle ages in soliders ears + eyes to increase sensitivity . Sacred women’s herb

Grown: northern temperate regions: Turkey, New Zealand

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, also not for those taking blood-thinning agents, avoid prolonged exposure to sun if taken regularly internally.

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Alfalfa :: Medicago sativa Family: Fabaceae

Vitamins A, C, E, K, Calcium, Phosphorous, Potassium, Iron

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Ashwaganda :: Withania somnifera Family: Solanaceae

Parts Used: root

Medicinal Uses: Anti-Inflammatory . Anxiety . Aphrodisiac in Men . Anemia: rich in iron . Builds Strength from Within . Cough . Diminished Brain Function . Emaciation . Fatigue . Gynecological . Immunity Enhancer . Inflammation . Nerve Sedative . Reduces Stress . Rheumatism . Sex Enhancer . Sore Eyes . Ulcers

Ayurveda: known as Indian Ginsenf, most popular plant in Ayurveda. Typical preparation: 3 to 6 grams daily of powdered root. A Rasayan or rejuvenating or life extending agent

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant

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Astragalus :: Astragalus membranaceus Family: Fabaceae, large genus of over 2,000 species

Parts Used: root

Generates anti-cancer cells in the body

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Autumn Olive :: Elaeagnus umbellata Family : Elaeagnaceae

Food Use : full of vitamins C D E A, anti oxidants

Research : the USDA was cultivating for a food source .

Environmental Use : drought tolerant . nitrogen fixer . toxic accumulation . heavy metal accumulation

Medicinal Use : cancer treatment . stems + leaves used for arthritic conditions

Remarks : one of my favorite plants . soo delicious, especially as pie

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Baical Skullcap :: Scutellaria baicalensis Family: Labiatae

Plant Info: perennial, 1 to 4 feet, purple flowers

Grown: Lake Baikal (Eastern Siberia), Northern China, open grasslands, elevations, below 2,000 feet

Medicinal Uses: Inhibits streptococcus growth: viral infection of eustachian tube (tube that connects throat + middle ear)

TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine): called Huang Qin- clears heat & damp, calms the fetus and stops bleeding, used to treat high fever with irritability, thirst and cough;

Preparations: Take fluid extract for ear infections (for children ½ tsp. (0.5 ml) once daily in ¼ c. water or juice.

Remarks: do not use if you have diarrhea.

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Barberry :: Berberis vulgaris Family: Berberidaceae

Found: Woodland areas, Europe, North America, Middle East

Medicinal Uses: Liver problems caused by alcohol abuse (stem and root bark)

History: berries were once used in Egypt to reduce fever

Remarks: pregnant women should avoid

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Basil :: Ocimum basilicum Family: Lamiaceae

Parts Used: leaf

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Black Cohosh :: Cimicifuga racemosa Family: Ranunculaceae

Growing: shade is needed because direct sunlight is too much

Medicinal Use: Eases Menopause, PMS . Dymonrrhea

In the Market: Increase in sales 143%, but supply is rapidly being destroyed in the environment

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Boneset (common boneset) : Eupatorium perfoliatum Family: Asteraceae

Parts Used : upper 1/3 with flowers

Medicinal use : best herb for moving + shaking conditions . anti-microbial . anti-viral (echinacea is actually less powerful in this respect) . diuretic (prepare tincture + dilute in cold water for use) - drains heat out directly through urinary system . used for high fever with chills that is still rising . temps 103 F or higher, use cooling herbs in nature to bring temp. down . boneset as a cold tea will bring it down 

(diaphoretic) yarrow as hot tea - will bring temp up

(diuretic) yarrow as cold tea - will bring temp down

elderflowers can also be used for high fevers : a great tea is elderflowers, boneset + hyssop

..most sickness in our country comes through the respiratory, then digestion, then urinary..

Folk Times : known as break bone fever (used where bones would feel achy) . for this use, prepare as tea or tincture . if being used as tincture, squirt some in hot water . it was actually one of the oldest folk remedies used up until the mid 20th century . it would virtually be kept dried in every house + used medicinally

Remarks : when i was drying + jarring boneset this summer it made me feel cool . it was crazy, the feeling moved from my hands into my body !  i thought, it must be energetically cooling . also, herbs like this (tansy is one of them too, etc.) are being medicinally revived by us (via the great reskilling movement) !

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Borage :: Borage officinalis Family: Boraginaceae

Plant Info: annual, 1 to 3 feet

Parts Used: flowers, leaves

Growing: 12” apart, dry, sunny places

Harvest: aerial parts (leaves + flowers), seed oil

Medicinal Uses: Cardio-Tonic Herb (has beneficial action on the heart and blood vessels but do not contain cardiac glycoside)

Preparations: flower essence (for the heart, gives one courage and helps a disheartened feeling)

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Burdock :: Arctium lappa Family: Asteraceae

Parts Used: root

First years roots can be boiled and eaten as a vegetable

Erect, herbaceous, low land edible

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Calendula :: Calendula officinalis Family: Asteraceae

Part Used: flowers

Growing: annual, full sun

Medicinal Use: Anti-inflammatory

Closed flower- wet day

Open flower- fine day

Erect herbaceous, coastal, edible

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Cat’s Claw Bark :: Uncaria tomentosa Family: Rubiaceae

Part Used: bark

Medicinal Use: Stimulants Immune System . Anti-Inflammatory . Anti-Viral . Contraceptive

Preparations: one of the best ways to receive cat’s claws immunity is extracting it through vinegar

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Catnip :: Nepeta cataria Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Info: erect herbaceous,

Found: mountains, lowlands

Parts Used: aerial parts (leaves & flowers)

Growing Info: perennial (annual in cold locations), full sun or shade, dry, 3 feet, space 12 to 18”

Harvest: aerial parts (leaves & flowers)

Note: Catnip + Valerian good together as traquilizer

Medicinal Uses: Restores Menstrual Flow . Smoking Catnip Stops Hiccups . Chewing Stops Toothaches . Carminative: an herb that assists in the expulsion of gas from the stomach + intestines . Sedative

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Cayenne :: Capsicum annuum Family: Solanaceae, night shade family

Part Used: fruit

Medicinal Use: Painful Muscles . Cardio Tonic . Anti-Bacterial . Weight Loss

Remarks: Not recommended for long term use in large amounts.

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German Chamomile :: Matricaria Recutita Family: Asteraceae

Plant Info: Erect herbaceous, lowlands

Growing: annual, full sun

Harvest: when flowers bloom in summer

Medicinal Uses: Acne (1 tsp. liquid extract to hot, not boiling, water and let cool, rinse face) . Allergies . Anti-inflammatory . Anxiety . Burns (2 tbsp. liquid extract to ¼ cup cool water, apply tea soaked cloth to the burn for about 15 minutes) . Calmative . Crohn’s Disease (as tea, pour 8 oz hot water over 1 tbsp. of dried herb or 1 tbsp. of liquid extract- drink up to three times daily) . Diuretic . Gum Disease (use 1 cup cooled tea as a mouthwash) . Insomnia . Indigestion (irritable bowl and gastrointestinal problems) . Morning Sickness During Pregnancy . Relieves restlessness and teething problems . Skin Rashes . Speeds Topical Healing . Stomach Problems . Stress Relief (drink 2 to 3 cups daily) . Sunburn (add 10 drops of essential oil to cool bath and soak for 30 minutes, use with lavender oil) . Wound Healing

Preparations: essential oil, henna, tea, tincture, oil, lotion, cream, capsule, cosmetics, potpourri

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Cedar ::

the plants of the sacred societies of the cherokee :

food : maize

warrior : poison ivy

medicine :

body - amerian ginseng

mind - cedar

spirit - sweetgrass

changing reality/conjuring : tobacco

red cedar/white cedar/juniper can be used inter changeably

white cedar :: cedar bath ceremony . the ultimate medicine to transform toxins /darkness inside of us to just let go

sage :: deflection plant, grabs negative ions + drops them into the ground . both around + in us

cedar transforms into something neutral where sage takes away negative ions

a person with deep deep issues / psychological problems, can use a cedar bath .

to take a cedar bath :: first sage urself, clear intentions + then perhaps smudge urself by burning cedar to make oneself neutral before assisting someone else’s energy field . the person lies on a table or surface . make a really strong cedar tea . burn some cedar + smudge : start from head . clean all sense portals . use tea + dip wash cloth + place on the eyes . cleanse all the eyes take into the world . they take in cedar + they take in a new neutral energy from the world . burn cedar across all areas where things can get in . interactive aspect of the world becomes stronger + clearer . cleansing the ears + eyes specifically acts as a form of physic surgery . pulling blocks out , bad illnesses like cancer + tumors . seems like all illnesses are mental . when u have old problems, it stays materialized in the body .

cedar makes the world calmer

don’t use cedar internally . great for an every-once-in-awhile tonic with maple syrup

cedar pulls stuff outta joints + organs

cedar essential oil is excellent in bathes

cedar is best used in baths or smudging

check out my wild foot detox bath with cedar i gathered where i live

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Chicory :: Cichorium intybus Family: Asteraceae

Parts Used: eat leaves in salad, root.

Medicinal Use: Laxative

Erect herbaceous, lowlands

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Cinnamon :: Cinnamomum cassia Family: Lauraceae

Part Used: bark

Medicinal Use: stops heavy menstrual flow (recent discovery for me)

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Clove :: Syzygium aromaticum Family: Myrtaceae

Found: maritime tropics, Indonesia

Medicinal Uses: Aching Eyes (flowers) . Nausea . Nervousness . Sleep

Modern Medicine: clove-based anesthetics have been developed

Uses: insecticide (clove oil)

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Coffee :: Coffea arabica Family: Rubiaceae

Plant Info: flowers are jasmine scented, it’s leaves contain caffiene 

Growing Info: rich soil, humidity

Found: Africa, the Middle East, Jamaica etc.

Uses: the seed is taken from its berries and dried, roasted then brewed into coffee

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Comfrey :: Symphytum officinale Family: Boraginaceae

Medicinal Use: known as the ‘mending’ herb among herbalists

Part Used: leaf

Grown: USA

Remarks: not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, external use only, not recommended for long term use.

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Coriander :: Coriandrum sativum Family: Apiaceae

Part Used: seed

Grown: Bulgaria

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Cumin :: Cuminum cyminum Family: Apiaceae

Part Used: seed

Grown: Turkey

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Damiana :: Turnera diffusa Family: Turneraceae

Part Used: leaf

Grown: Mexico

Medicinal Use: Anti-Depressant . Aphrodisiac . Purgative . Stomach . Tonic . Used for Flavoring

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Dandelion :: Taraxacum officinale Family: Asteraceae

Parts Used: leaf + flower

Grown: Hungary, USA

Medicinal Use: Water Retention . Gall Bladder

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Dong Quai :: Angelica sinensis Family: Apiaceae

Parts Used: root

Grown: China

Medicinal Uses: Beneficial to Reproductive Tissue + Urinary Parts . Benefits Blood + Heart . Menstrual Cycle . Menopause Relief . Women’s Tonic

TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine): Combine with Ho Shou Wu (Polygonium multiflorum), makes ‘Shou Wo Chih’- for longevity, vital energy, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory for blood vessels + pressure

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, not for those taking blood thinning agents.

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Echinacea :: Echinacea purpurea and angustifolia Family: Asteraceae

Plant Info: perennial, grows 1 to 2 feet

Parts Used: root, flowers and leaves

Growing Info: space 18” apart, sun

Cultivated In: USA

Medicinal Uses: Blood Purifier

Uses: Echinacea augustifolia can be used dried, where Echinacea purpurea looses alot of it’s medicinal value dried.

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Elder :: Sambucus nigra Family: Adoxaceae

Plant Info: Evergreen shrub, coastal, low lands

Parts Used: leaves + flowers

Cultivated In: Hungary, USA

Medicinal Use: Berries are mildly poisonous when eaten raw . Cold + Flu . Topical Anti-Inflammatory . Laxative . Diuretic . Decoctions from leaves insecticidal

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Elecampane :: Inula helenium Family: Asteraceae

Plant Info: erect herbaceous, coastal, low lands

Growing: perennial, full sun

Part Used: root

Cultivated In: USA

Medicinal Use: Expectorant

Root used as a sweet meat in Germany

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, for those with stomach (including ulcers, inflammation, digestion), liver problems, not for long term use in large amounts.

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Eleuthero Root (Siberian Ginseng) :: Eleutherococcus senticosus Family: Araliaceae

Part Used: root

Cultivated In: China, found abundantly in the wild, mostly harvested in the wild

Medicinal Uses: Anti-Inflammatory . Cold + Flu . Enhances Body’s Utilization of Oxygen . Energy . Immuno-Stimulant . Vitality

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Eucalyptus :: Eucalyptus globulus Family: Myrtaceae

Plant Info: Evergreen, marsh

Growing: quick growth=lots of water

Part Used: leaf

Cultivated In: France

Medicinal Use: Anti-Septic . Expectorant

Modern Medicine: Eucalyptus contains eucalyptol used in external analgesics

Remarks: Not recommended for those with stomach (ulcers, inflammation, serious digestion issues) or liver problems.

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Eyebright :: Euphrasia officinalis Family : Orobanchaceae

medicinal use : eye issues- red eyes, pink eye . sore throat . strep . immune tonic

remarks : on the ‘watch’ list for endangered plants

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Fennel :: Foeniculum vulgare Family: Umbelliferae

Plant Info: perennial

Part Used: seed + root

Growing: 3 to 4 feet tall, full sun, stake when 18” tall, space 4 to 12”

Harvest: pick seeds when ripe, stems eaten like celery before blossom

Cultivated In: Turkey

Medicinal Use: Fennel helps the liver repair after alcohol damage

Uses: culinary, essential oil, tea

Remarks: Fennel oil should not be used on epileptics or young children.

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Feverfew :: Tanacetum parthenium Family: Asteraceae

Parts Used: aerial parts (leaves and flowers)

Plant Info: perennial, erect herbaceous, coastal, low lands (thrives in any type of soil)

Growing: full sun

Cultivated In: Canada, USA

Harvest: pick leaves as needed, harvest flowers in summer, cut whole plant in full bloom- 3 inches above ground dry in bundle

Medicinal Use: Aids Difficult Births . Arthritic Pain . Asthma . Bug Bites . Cold + Flu . Induces Menstruation  . Insect Repellent . Lowers Temperature of the Body . Menstrual Cycle . Migraines (use leaves, one leaf in sandwich is a typical dose) . Toothache

Preparations: essential oil, tea

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Garlic :: Allium sativum Family: Alliaceae

Part Used: cloves

Cultivated In: USA

Medicinal Uses: Cardio-Tonic Herb (has beneficial action on the heart and blood vessels but do not contain cardiac glycosides . Depurative- purifies the blood

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Ginger :: Zingiber officinale Family: Zingiberaceae

Plant Info: perennial

Part Used: rhizome

Cultivated In: Indonesia, China, Hawaii, Amherst, MA

Medicinal Uses: Nausea . Vomiting . Motion Sickness . Stomach . Anti-Inflammatory

Preparations: Ginger Tea (2-4 (dime size) slices of fresh ginger, 1 1/2 C. boiling water, 1 tsp sugar-honey-or maple syrup to taste, simmer slices in water for 10 minutes, add sweetner or lemon, 1 serving

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, also those with stomach or liver problems.

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Gingko :: Gingko biloba Family: Ginkgoaceae

Part Used: leaves

Growing Info: hot sun and rich, sandy soil

History: the sole survivor of a primitive order of plants dating from 200 million years ago.

Cultivated In: China

Medicinal Uses: Age-Related Memory Loss . Anti-Oxidant (stronger than vitamin E) . Brain Power . Cardio-Tonic Herb (has beneficial action on the heart and blood vessels but do not contain cardiac glycosides) . Circulation to the Brain . Tinnitus

TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine): the seeds and leaves are used to treat lung problems

Remarks: Not recommended for those who take blood-thinning agents.

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Goldenseal ENDANGERED :: Hydrastis canadensis Family: Ranunculaceae

Parts Used: leaf + root

Cultivated In: USA

Medicinal Use: Anti-Septic . Traveler’s Diarrhea . Cold + Flu . Stomach/Digestion

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, or for long term use. An Endangered plant, use with thought.

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Gotu Kola (Indian pennywort) :: Centella asaiatica Family: Mackinlayaceae

Plant Info: low growing, creeping vine, up to 25 inches (50 cm), fan shaped leaves, grows in subtropics, tropics, damp grasslands, bitter-acrid taste

Growing: annual, indoors in hanging pot

Parts Used: aerial (flowers &; leaves)

Cultivated In: Sri Lanka, Southeast USA

Western Medicinal Use: Nervine . Rejuvenative . Alterative . Febrifuge . Diuretic . Tonic . Anti-Inflammatory . Laxative . Sedative . Liver Complaints . High Blood Pressure

-Alzheimers and Memory Loss: restorative tonic for mental decline in old age, herb protects blood vessels supplying oxygen to the brain (therefore normailizing brain’s use of oxygen), improves memory & concentration. Reduces cholesterol plagues in blood vessels serving the brain cells in the cerebral cortex & hippocampus (memory and reasoning center). There are over 4 million cases of alzheimers, 250,000 diagnosed each year and it’s expected to get worse.

-Reduces mental fatigue

-Cellulite, Swollen Ankles, Varicose Veins: cellulite occurs when connective tissue under the skin that hold deep-level fat cells, break down and are no longer able to hold fat in place. More component of these tissues: glycosaminoglycans. Gotu Kola stops fat cells from displacing by increasing glycosaminoglycans. The herb also stablizes connective tissue that surrounds veins of legs, the herb increases the amount of oxygen transported through veins. The herb improves symptoms of vercose veins (comfort, tiredness, swelling), but not sightness of them.

-Stimulates deep cell replacement

-Wounds, Scarring, Psoriasis: the herb stimulates regeneration of skin cells underlying connective tissue, saponins in the herb have beneficial effect on collagen & inhibit scar formatiion, accelerates healing of burns, skin graftings, minimizes scarring, successful for healing a episiotomy, cream of herb helps relieve scaly red welts of psoriasis.

-Leprosy: asiaticoside in Gotu Kola is one of the most promising treatments

Western Preparations: Burns- take with vitamin C (combo of C, asiatic acid, asiaticoside and madecassic acid stimulate collegen synthesi, a key element in skin repair. Use Gotu Kola extract externally for skin, make tincture for wounds.

Eastern Medicinal Use:

Ayurvedic Info: bitter/cooling/sweet VPK=, tonic for pitta, inhibits vata, calms the nerves, reduces excessive kapha

-Helps develop spiritual powers

-For nervous system disorders, epilepsy, senility

-Venereal diseases

-The herb causes changes on a cellular level in 48 to 72 hrs. However, the body (from clinical tests) does not accumulate a maximum amount (level) of asiatic acid, the chief ingredient, until the herb is taken for at least 3 weeks

-Revitalizes nerve and brain cells

-Increases intelligence, longevity, memory, brain food

-Premature aging, hair loss

-Treats leprosy, skin ulcers, and other skin problems (chronic & obstinate)

-Powerful blood purifer, specific for chronic skin conditions (leprosy, syphilis, eczema & psoriasis)

-Fortifies the immune system, both cleansing & feeding it

-Strengthens the adrenals

-Period fevers, malaria

Eastern Culture: In India it is sometimes found as a vegetable in salads

Eastern Preparations: take as an infusion (hot or cold), decoction, milk decoction, powder (250 to 500 mg) medicated ghee, medicated oil

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing, pregnant, or trying to become pregnant. May interfere with oral diabetes medications: glipizide (Glucotrol) + tolbutamide (Orinase). May raise cholestrol levels, do not take if your on cholesterol lowering medications or niacin. Do not take if on traquilizers or sedatives: herb has a narcotic effect. Do not give to children under the age of 2. May cause allergic skin reaction or carcinogenic if applied topically, in large doses may cause headaches, veritigo or temporary loss of consciousness.

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Green Tea :: Camellia sinensis Family: Theaceae

Part Used: leaves

Medicinal Use: Anti-Oxidant . Chemotherapy . Stops Tooth Decay

Remarks: contains caffeine, do not take within one hour of taking other medications.

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Gymnema sylvestre :: Family: Asclepiadaceae

Medicinal Uses: Diabetes

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Hawthorn :: Crataegus laevigata Family: Rosaceae

Plant Info: evergreen shrub, mountains, lowlands

Parts Used: berries, leaves, flowers

Found: North America, Europe, North Africa, India

Cultivated In: Croatia

Medicinal Uses: Cardiovascular Disease . Decreases Cholesterol . Decreases heart rate due to stress . Dialates Coronary Arteries . Directly effects cells of heart muscle enhancing activity and nutrition . Hypotensive Agent . Increases circulation through dilation of coronary arteries . Increases contractibility of the heart . Increases blood flow rate . Kidney/Bladder . Lowers Blood Pressure . Speeds Recovery from heart attacks . Sore Throat

History: In World War I, hawthorn leaves were used as a tobacco substitute, the seeds were ground and used as a coffee substitute

Plant Spirits: puts heart back in rightful place as primary organ of perception, for those too much in there head and not enough in their heart 

Preparations: flower essence (for the heart, opens heart and expression of love, helps with giving and receiving love)

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Hibiscus :: Hibiscus sabdariffa Family: Malvaceae

Part Used: flower

Cultivated In: Tanzania

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Horsetail Leaf :: Equisetum spp. Family: Equisetaceae

my secret horsetail leaf patch (pictured above) . horsetail leaf is best gathered in the spring time . as the season progresses, the silica content increases + therefore is hard on the kidneys if taken internally . also, horsetail is better as a vinegar extraction, then alcohol for tincture purposes … late season horsetail is excellent as pot scrubbers . they seriously take the grime out of anything

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Hops :: Humulus lupulus Family: Cannabaceae

Parts Used: strobiles, flowers

Cultivated In: USA

Remarks: Not recommended for long term use.

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Hyssop :: Hyssop officinalis Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Info: semi-evergreen/erect herbaceous, 2 ft. tall, hardy, perennial,

Found: lowlands

Parts Used: aerial (leaves & flowers)

Growing: sunny and dry sites, space 15”

Harvest: use youngest stems and leaves as needed

Cultivated In: USA

Medicinal Uses: Essential Oil to Strong for Aroma Therapy

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant

Uses: tea, essential oil

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Irish Moss :: Chondrus crispus Family: Gigartinaceae

Cultivated In: Canada

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Ivy  :: Hedera spp. Family : Araliaceae

Environmental Use : cleans air . city pollution . cleans benzin, pcbs . accelerates composting . composts buildings

Animal Use : source of nutrients for wild life

Medicinal Use : good for the lungs . asthma . bronchitis . skin issues : sores + wounds . make an oil to yield high anti oxidant properties like vitamin e

Remarks : here we can see a secret of plants revealed, what benefits the plant might have on the environment, it can have for humanimals (humans and animals, cause i mean we are animals !

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Jasmine :: Jasminum sambac Family: Oleaceae

Plant Info: member of the olive family,evergreen vine/shrub, flowers bloom year-round, flowers open at night and close in the morning, grows up to a meter.

Part Used: flower

Found: Southern Asia, known in the Philippines as Sampaguita, Himalayas

Cultivated In: China by cuttings (does not bear seeds)

Uses: flowers are super fragrant and have prized ornamental use: weddings, important guests; perfumes, cosmetics, beverages, aromatherapy, teas, infusions

Medicinal Uses: headaches . diarrhea . fever . cough . abdominal pain . decongestant . aphrodisiac . impotence . inflammation . a syrup was made for coughs

Remarks: not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, may lower blood pressure

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Linden :: Tilia americana Family: Tiliaceae

Parts used for medicine : flowers + top light green bract or leaf

Food Use : leaves are high in protein . make bread with it: take dried linden leaves, crush into flour to make a whole heart bread (the younger + more tender leaves the better

Medicinal Uses: nervine, anti-anxiety, lifts spirits, calming, ok during pregnancy, anyone can pretty much drink a tea from it, for a peaceful heart, dispels excess heat conditions from anxiety, or anxiety is causing heat, linden dissipates it

to make linden infusion: take a cup of dried leaves + flowers, place in a quart size mason jar . fill with hot water . let steep for 4 hours . come back + strain . yum ! make a second infusion with cold water over night in the fridge or for 12 hrs . come back + strain . the first infusion yields a rich anti-inflammatory beverage . the second infusion yields a protein rich beverage !

Remarks: seed pods smell like chocolate . the french love linden . a plant with great diversity

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Marshmallow :: Althaea officinalis Family: Malvaceae

Growing Info: loves water 

Parts Used: flowers, leaves (summer), & root (late autumn)

Found: indigenous to Africa, damp areas of Europe and western Asia, now naturalized in Atlantic coast of USA

Medicinal Properties:

Leaves: beneficial for lungs (demulcent, expectorant) and kidneys (diuretic, kidney stones), skin (emollient)

Root: Internal- similar properties to leaves, also vulnerary (wound healing), skin problems (especially in the mouth) digestive issues, increases flow of breast milk, soothes bronchial tubes, constipation, IBS. External- varicose vains, ulcers, abscesses and boils

Food: roots have been boiled and eaten

Preparations: cold macerations, warm infusions, tincture, fluid extract, capsule, tea

Other Notes: used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

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Milk Thistle :: Silybum marianum Family: Asteraceae

Growing: annual, full sun, grows up to 3 feet

Found: Mediterranean, grown in Europe, known as a weed in California

Parts Used: dried seed

Cultivated: China, Hungary

Medicinal Uses: contains compound silymarin, vitamin E, fatty acids . inflamed liver from alcohol toxicity, cirrhosis and hepatitis . enriching lactation . kidney diseases . liver diseases . liver tonic . helps inflamed kidneys, spleen, and liver . mushroom poisoning . reduces cancer growth

Preparations: alcohol extract; glycerin extract; tea; capsules

Food: milk thistle seeds were once used as a coffee substitute; the roots were once eaten raw, boiled and roasted; the spiny parts on the flower head were eaten like an artichoke after peeling (can soak overnight to remove bitterness; the leafs can be eaten like spinach and boiled if you remove the prickers

Remarks: may cause mild diarrhea by stimulating the release of bile. Most notable in a high fat diet

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Mints :: Mentha spp. Family: Lamiaceae

Growing: perennial, part shade/some sun

(see also: peppermint in P herbs)

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Motherwort :: Leonurus cardiaca Family: Lamiaceae

Medicinal Uses: Cardio-Tonic Herb (has beneficial action on the heart and blood vessels but do not contain cardiac glycosides)

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Nettles (Stinging) :: Urtica dioica Family: Urticaceae

Plant Info: Erect herbaceous, mountains, low lands

Parts Used: leaves, root

Garden: encourages beneficial insects, the presence of nettles reveals a high fertility area

Harvest: Spring, young leaves the best, before plant starts to flower or show signs of flowering (using the plant with flowers is said to be toxic); use caution- plant stings.

Medicinal Uses: Aphrodisiac (root) . Arthtritis . Anemia . Bleeding Allergies . Benefits Blood . Constipation . Eczema . Hay Fever . Kidney Problems , Prostate Disorders . Rheumatism . Vitamins A, C, D, K, iron, potassium, manganese, and calcium . Water Retention

Preparations: cook like spinach; infusion (1 oz dried nettles to 1 quart of water in jar, steep 4 hours or overnight in fridge, amazing cooled); liquid fertilizer (infusion of nettles is high in nitrogen, low in phosphate, also contains magnesium, sulfur and iron)

Uses: topical, beauty products (cream, anti-itch remedies), tea, tincture, soup, nettle cordial popular in Europe, textiles, dye (yellow from roots, yellowish green from leaves)

On the Farm: cut +; add to hay for cattle and rabbits, powdered into chicken and duck food, boil for pigs

Removing Stingers: cook; dry or make wet to reduce stingers

Good4You Note: I believe it’s one of the most beneficial plants known to man.

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Oats :: Avena sativa Family: Poaceae

Plant Info: erect herbaceous, lowlands

Parts Used: milky oat tops, straw, berry.

Uses: Grains in bath water keep the skin soft

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Orange Peel :: Citrus × sinensis Family: Rutaceae

Remarks: Avoid over-exposure to sunlight when using large amounts.

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Parsley :: Petroselinum crispum Family: Apiaceae

Parts Used: leaves + root

Growing: biennial, full sun, loves water, protects tomato plants from insects

Medicinal Uses: Soothing when rubbed on insect bites . Can promote milk flow if kept near mother’s breasts . Emmenagogue . Skin, Hair, Nails . Helps build bones . Tonic for bladder . High blood pressure

Preparations: leaves fresh in salads, dried in soups; root can be used in soups

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, not recommended for long term use. Root- not recommended for people with severe stomach or liver problems.

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Passionflower :: Passiflora incarnata Family: Passifloraceae

Parts Used: aerial (leaves & flowers)

Part Info: creeping herbaceous plant, coastal, low lands

Medicinal Uses: External use for burns and skin irritation (as a compress) . Sedative (can be used at a very early age without depressive effects)

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Patchouli :: Pogostemon cablin Family: Lamiaceae

Part Used: leaves

Found: Asia, tropics, cultivated in the Caribbean

Growing: hot weather, not direct sunlight

Harvested: year round

Medicinal Uses: Snake Bites . Relaxation, Sedative . Colds . Nausea . Abdominal Pain, Stomachic . Bacterial Infections . Fungal Infections . Parasites, Ringworm . Acne . Depression . Skin Conditions

Preparation: essential oil, used in perfumes and incense, cosmetics

Remarks: for external use only, don’t apply to broken skin

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Peppermint :: Mentha x piperita L. Family:Lamiaceae

Part Used: leaves and flowers

Found: throughout the world (stream banks, wastelands)

Growing: loves shade and water; moist well drained soil rich in hummus; since it is a hybrid, it does not produce seed, instead spreads by rhizome

Harvest: leaves and flowers, just as flowers begin to open 3 inches about ground; weeds deteriorate oil

Medicinal Uses: Anti-Spasmodic . Indigestion (calms Stomach + Intestines) . Colds . Muscles . Headaches . IBS . Menstrual Cycle . Skin . Nausea

Preparation: tea, essential oil, cosmetics (such as toothpaste), culinary

Interesting Fact: peppermint oil is the largest essential oil produced in the USA (Oregon, Washington + California)

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White Pine :: Pinus strobus Family: Pinaceae

parts used : bark, leaves, pollen

medicinal use : leaves high in vitamin c . a tincture can be made from the needles . anti-histamic for boggy sinus allergy issues, excellent for draining weeping conditions . use bark from little plants (medicine of this in tincture form is for hot/cold damp respiratory infections, feverous lungs filled with phlegm or mucus) can also be prepared as tea

preparations : to make a tincture quadruple strength style - pick pine needles, let them sit in grain alcohol (190 proof style) for 2 to 3 weeks . collect enough pine needles for 3 more sets of extraction . total drying medicine (do not use if condition is too dry)

pollen of pine medicine : silhouette of pine defies gravity . male cones pointing upward loaded with pollen . deep seeded kidney energy . grab male cones, stick them in high percentage alcohol . when ready to strain, use 5 to 10 drops daily to reinstate vigor . one might say all pollens in general do just this

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Plantain :: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae

Part Used: leaves

Harvest: leaves anytime for immediate use

Medicinal Uses: Haemostatic: arrest bleeding or promotes blood clotting . Topical for bugbites

Preparations: Pick a leaf, crush a little in hand and apply directly to bug bites, stings or rashes from plants

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Purple Loosestrife :: Lythrum salicaria Family: Lythraceae

found : wetlands + bogs

history : was brought in by bee keepers in the 1800s

environmental use : helps clean nitrogen + phosphorous from water ways (wetlands are filtration systems for the ecosystem

remarks: one of my favorite plants for beauty use . works just like rose in the astringent sense but is more cooling energetically

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Queen Anne’s Lace (aka Wild Carrot Seed) :: Daucus carota Family: Apiaceae

Part’s Used: seed (dried & fresh), seed with flower (dried & fresh) 

Growing Info: flowers June to August, boosts tomato production when planted nearby

Medicinal Uses: Natural Contraceptive

Preparation: 1 teaspoon of crushed seeds or tincture

Remarks: very similar in appearance to poison hemlock, identify with caution.

More Info: An amazing website on using Wild Carrot . 

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Red Clover :: Trifolium pratense Family: Fabaceae

Parts Used: flower, sometimes leaf and flower together

Found: wild in most temperate areas

Garden Benefits: nitrogen fixer, creates soil fertility

Growing Info: perennial, flowers in second year.  

Medicinal Uses: Fertility (like whoa!) . Menopause (reduces hot flashes) . Balances Menstrual Cycle . PMS . Contains Isoflavones (estrogen-like compounds) . Improves Cholesterol . Swollen Glands . Anti-Tumor (breast cancer) . Expectorant . Skin Problems

Preparations: tea, infusion (1 oz dried herb to quart sized mason jar, eat a few flowers raw in salads

Other: state flower of Vermont

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, or for those who use blood thinning agents)

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Red Raspberry :: Rubus idaeus Family: Rosaceae

Part Used: leaves

Harvest: gather before the plant flowers

Medicinal Uses: Pregnancy (aids delivery) . Benefits Mama + Baby during Pregnancy . Vitamins . Inflammation (astringent) . Mouth . Stomach

Preparations: tea, infusion, topical application- mix with slippery elm as a poultice for wounds, burns, scalds

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Reishi Mushroom :: Ganoderma lucidum Family: Ganodermataceae

Medicinal Uses: Anti-Viral . Brain Function . Cancer . Chemotherapy . Immune Enhancer . Immortality 

Preparations: boil

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Rhodiola Rosea :: Rhodiola rosea Family: Crassulaceae

Part Used: root

Medicinal Uses: Adaptogen . Depression

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Rosemary :: Rosmarinus officinalis Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Info: perennial, evergreen

Part Used: leaves

Found: lowlands, shore

Growing Info: part shade/full sun, little water, well drained soil, lime-ish soil, pinch tips to direct growth

Medicinal Uses: Headache . Aids Digestion . Antioxidant (used also for meats) . Calmative . Head . Menstruation (cramps) . Wash for Skin . Removes Wrinkles . Slimming . Anti-Oxidant

Symbolism: protected Holy family by remaining quiet as they passed while other bushes cracked. If placed in front of house, protects from evil spirits.

Other: Bees Love It

Uses: fresh as needed, tea, essential oil

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Rose :: Rosa spp. Family: Rosaceae

Plant Spirits: helps a heart heal from repeated wounding, heals a tattered heart 

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Sage :: Salvia officinalis Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Info: 2 to 3 ft, perennial

Part Used: leaves

Growing Info: full sun, space 2 to 2 1/2 feet apart

Harvest: pick leaves before or at blooming, then cut stems

Medicinal Uses: Inflammation . Throat (Laryngitis) . Depression . Wounds . Anxiety . Anti-Oxidant . Drys Up Secretions

Ayurvedic: heals Kapha

Symbolism: for health, immortality and domestic happiness

Preparations: Can be smoked to relieve asthma attacks

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, not recommended for long term use in large doses.

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Saffron :: Rocus sativus Family: Iridaceae

Part Used: stigmas

Cultivation: 80% is produced in Iran, some in Spain

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Saw Palmetto :: Serenoa serrulata Family: Arecaceae

Part Used: berries

Found: sandy coastal lands, undergrowth in pine woods, Sotuh Carolina, Florida, to South Texas

Medicinal Uses: Enlarged Prostate . Increases Sperm Count . Protects Male Potency . Diuretic

Preparations: teas, tinctures, capsules

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Schisandra :: Schisandra chinensis Family: Schisandraceae

Part Used: berries

Growing Info: any soil, positioned near sheltered shady wall, needs support, need both male and female plants to produce berries.

TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine): known as the five flavor berry.

Preparations: tea, juice

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Senna :: Senna alexandrina Family: Fabaceae

Parts Used: dried leaf, and/or pods

Found: deserts

Medicinal Uses:Laxative (for a more mild effect, use pods)

Modern Medicine: Senna contains sennosides used in laxatives

Preparations: tea, extract, capsules

Remarks: If you experience abdominal pain or cramping, you have taken too much. Not for extended periods of time. Take with adequate fluids.

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Skullcap (also spelled Scullcap) :: Scutellaria lateriflora Family: Lamiaceae

Parts Used: all above parts used, dried

Found: wetlands, shorelines  

Medicinal Uses: Menstrual Cramps . Depression . Stress . Mild Sedative . Sleep Promoter . Headaches . Addiction . Stroke/Heart Attack . Calms Stomach

Energy: cooling, bitter

Preparations: teas, tinctures, capsules

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Skunk Cabbage :: Symplocarpus foetidus Family: Araceae

parts used medicinally: root/rhizome

energetic properties: hot, dry, energetic, healing

food use: pick root + let dry for 6 months to a year, eat as a starchy food

medicinal use: anti-spasmodic as a tincture or tea (better as a tincture) . acrid feeling is a sensation, not a taste . acrid feeling = anti-spasmodic . (wild cherry, lobelia, black cohosh are all anti-spasmodic as well) . good for the lungs . good for boggy conditions (especially dry boggy lung conditions)

remarks: where plants grow usually mimics their medicinal use or will counteract it

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Slippery Elm

Ulmus rubra Family: Ulmaceae

Part Used: inner bark

Medicinal Uses: Demulcent: an herb that soothes or lubricates the intestines . Good for stomach ulcers and other gastric disorders

Remarks: Endangered-over cultivated, use with thought.

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Sow Thistle :: Sonchus spp . Family: Asteraceae

food use : so freakin delicious, one of the most amazing things i have ever eaten . steam greens . or take of spine, eat inner stem . steam root . eat flower spines (after removing thistles) like artichoke

animal use : good fodder for animals

medicinal use : all thistles are universal liver cleansers . deep tap root can bring deep nutrients . roots + seed have most medicine . inflammation . jaundice . toxic accumulations

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St. John’s Wort :: Hypericum perforatum Family: Clusiaceae

Plant Info: erect herbaceous, mountains, coast, marsh, perennial

Parts Used: aerial (leaves and flowers)

Found: temperate regions (Europe, North America)

Growing Info: sunny site, well drained soil

Medicinal Uses: Anti-Bacterial . Anti-Depressant . Anti-Inflammatory . Anti-Viral . Pain Relieving Properties . Migraine/Headache . Heart (not too much)

Other: Yields Yellow Color in Water, Yields Red Color in Oil

Preparations: (Recommended Use- externally as oil), use St. John’s Wort oil for ear infections… place several drops in ear canal (relieves inflammation and cures viruses)

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, avoid over-exposure to sunlight, do not combine with MAO inhibitors.

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Star Anise :: Illicium verum Family: Illiciaceae

Parts Used: pods

Medicinal Uses: Calms Nerves . Aids Sleep

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant

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Stevia :: Stevia rebaudiana Family: Asteraceae

Growing: perennial, full sun, grows 2 to 3 feet

Parts Used: leaves

Other: 400 times sweeter then sugar

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Thyme :: Thymus vulgaris Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Info: evergreen shrub, coastal, low lands

Parts Used: leaves

Medicinal Uses: Anti-Fungal . Anti-Bacterial . Anti-Viral . Anti-Spasmodic . Child’s Asthma . Eliminates Phlegm . Enhances Immune System after Infection . Stimulant . Throat + Chest Infection

Modern Medicine: Thyme contains thymol used in mouthwashes (controls microbial growth around gums of teeth)

Ayurvedic: Heals Kapha

Other: Bees Love It, wild thyme has a lower thymol content

Preparations:Cold Thyme Tea- headache relief, Hot Tea- for sleep, stomach, diarrhea; Essential Oil mixed with carrier oil for topical application

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Tobacco :: Nicotiana tobacum

Plant Info: annual, biennial, 3 feet

Harvest: leaves

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Tulsi (aka Holy Basil, Sweet Basil) :: Ocimum sanctum Family: Lamiaceae

Plant Info:  20” tall,

Parts Used: aerial parts (leaves & flowers)

Growing Info: annual, full sun, space 6 to 12”, full sun, pinch stems to promote bushy compact growth

Harvest: cut leaves just before flowers open

Medicinal Uses: COX-2 Inhibitor (modern painkiller) . Antioxidant . Adaptogen . Cancer Research . Decreases Cholesterol . Diabetes . Immunity . Improves Digestion . Lowers Blood Sugar in Type 2 . Prevents Gastric Ulcers . Protects Against Radiation Damage . Stress Relief . Wound Healing

Ayurveda: Known as the Queen of all Herbs; colds, headaches, stomach, heart disease, inflammation, poisoning, malaria

Plant Spirits: connects the soul to the heart, makes one conscious of the “Holy Heart”

Uses: tea, fresh leaves, essential oil

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant or trying to become pregnant. Not for infants or toddlers. Mild blood thinning properties, may lower blood sugar.

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Turmeric :: Curcuma longa Family: Zingiberaceae

Plant Info: perennial

Part Used: rhizome

Medicinal Uses: Antioxidant . Cancer Prevention . Eczema . Inflammation . Soothes Colon . So many amazing specific benefits .

Ayurveda: highly regarded for inflammation, known as the king of herbs 

Preparations: Culinary (I suggest putting a little in dinner meals); for warts, mix with a little water and flour, apply daily till it disappears (about a week if persistent); teas

Remarks: Not recommended for those with stomach or liver problems, use in moderation

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Uva Ursi (also known as Bear Berry) :: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Family: Ericaceae

Parts Used: leaves

Medicinal Uses: UTI . Kidney + Bladder . Reduces Period

Native American Use: Used as an alternative to tobacco.

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, not for people with a history of kidney stones, renal dysfunction or inflammation, not recommended for long term use.

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Valerian :: Valeriana officinalis Family: Valerianaceae

Medicinal Uses: Insomnia . Nervousness . Restlessness . Sedative

Other: flowers attract deer, some cats love it

Plant Makeup History: I first bought the plant when I was 20 years old on an errand run with my mom. We bought it at a small farm stand off Rt. 6A on Cape Cod. I was so excited when I first saw it. The lady who sold it to me said “Be Careful with That Plant”. I thought it was too funny, because I knew all about it (it’s a heavy sedative). I started growing it in our garden. The flowers smell like dirty socks. Low and behold a few weeks later it attracted some deer I got to see! They ate the whole thing! + now nine years later i can say valerian is super powerful, alot of people don’t agree with it if taken internally . i’ve noticed this with people who have alot of fire energy in their general composition

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Vitex (aka Chaste Tree) :: Vitex agnus-castus Family: Lamiaceae (mint family)

Parts Used: berries

Medicinal Uses: Hot Flashes . Menstrual Disorders . Menopause . PMS

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

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Violet (aka Common or Sweet Violet) :: Viola odorata Family: Violaceae

Parts Used: leaves and flowers (fresh or dried)

Growing: appears at the end of February till the end of April 

Medicinal Uses: Anti-Inflammatory (whole plant) . Asthma (internal use) . Coughs (internal use) . Diaphoretic (whole plant) . Diuretic (whole plant) . Emollient (whole plant) . Expectorant (whole plant) . Lubricate the Throat . Mouth Infections(external use) . Slightly Laxative (fresh flowers or syrup) . Throat Infections (external use)

Plant Spirits: heals familiar heartbreak

Preparations: eat flowers and leaves fresh in salads; tea (dried leaves); infusion (fresh leaves and flowers); salves; compress, poultice; the syrup of violets was used for ailments such as jaundice, inflammation of the eyes, sleeplessness; soups; jams and jellies

Remarks: taking excessive amounts can cause nausea and vomiting 

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Wild Lettuce : Lactuca virosa Family: Asteraceae

…there are a few kinds, a ton of the domesticated lettuce comes from these amazing plants…

Food Use : wild lettuce contains latex when it goes into bolt . it gets bitter fast . when the plant is low to the ground, it is more edible

Medicinal Use : medicine is in the stem . pain relief (without affecting the mind) . analgesic . in formulas where people need to change there mind a little . wild lettuce + indian pipe in combination for people who need to change their mind a little . anti spasmodic . put in blender with alcohol for tincture extraction

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Witch Hazel :: Hamamelis virginiana Family: Hamamelidaceae

Parts used medicinally: leaf + bark (can be used interchangeably) to pull tannins out of .

Preparation: you don’t need a high alcohol to extract it’s goodness . add 10% vegetable glycerine to the alcohol extraction to create a truce between the alkaloids + tannins (glycerine wraps around molecules to to protect when steeping) . use this preparation to make a liniment . this will help tone + act as an astringent . can be used in a combination with horse chestnut with some licorice + blue chamomile essential oil

Medicinal Use: varicose veins (use above preparation) . witch hazel is good internally for dropping intestines (yarrow tincture also does this) . chills out immune response . combined with calendula, comfrey, jewelweed + plantain (Plantago major) to make a slurry in a blender, place on skin for cell regeneration . anti inflammatory

Remarks: i am so bad at identifying trees . i am like ridiculous at herbs, but i have probably walked by witch hazel a million times in my life + never have known . perhaps im not suppose to work with tree medicine in efforts to respect + preserve them to a greater degree . i do know who gingko, oak + pine are !

witch hazel has a graceful personality

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Wormwood :: Artemisia absinthium Family: Asteraceae

Parts Used: aerial parts (leaves and flowers)

Plant Info: Perennial

Uses: the main ingredient in absinthe

Plant Makeup History: was once formulated in a tea to help people gain an appetite… I made the tea Them Belly Full, and wormwood was in a tea blend called But We Hungry… I discontinued the blend because it was too bitter.

Remarks: Not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant, not for those with stomach inflammation, ulcers, serious digestion and/or liver problems.

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Yarrow :: Achillea millefolium Family: Asteraceae

Plant Info:erect herbaceous, low lands & mountains, perennial

Parts Used: aerial parts (flowers and leaves)

Growing Info: space 12 inches, sun

Harvest: first to second week of June in New England when flowers start to bloom, cut 3 inches above ground

Medicinal Uses: Cardio-Tonic Herb (has beneficial action on the heart and blood vessels but do not contain cardiac glycosides . Colds and Flu . Decreases Menstrual Flow

Other: it contains azulene, so it can be used instead of chamomile.

Use: most preparations dried, use fresh to stanch wounds.

Preparations: insect repellent (make a tea and splash on); essential oil; Yarrow Ale; tea from dried flowers &amp leaves in small amount, best if added to peppermint or another herbal base.

Remarks: not recommended for women who are nursing or pregnant.

Plant Makeup History: This was one of the first herbs I read about, because it’s latin name was listed first in all the herb books! I loved how it could stanch wounds, and was used by soldiers, it was even known as the “military herb”.

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Yellow Dock :: Rumex crispus Family: Polygonaceae

Part Used: Root

Harvest: harvest the root in early spring or late fall

Medicinal Uses:Skin . Liver

Use:fresh for immediate use or dried for tea or stronger decoctions.

Preparations: Make tincture using fresh root as a liver cleanser.

Remarks: Not recommended for those with a history of kidney stones, renal dysfunction or inflammation.

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Yerba Mate :: Ilex paraguarensis Family: Aquifoliaceae

Medicinal Uses:CNS Stimulant . Depression . Headache Reduces Fatigue . Obesity . Weightloss

Cultural Use: In Argentina and Uruguay even carries around a bombilla and gourd with a thermos of water. People wet the herb with a little water, then fill the rest of the gourd up with hot water. It is South America’s coffee, and the green tea of South America.

Remarks: Not recommended for long term use. ?

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Yohimbe :: Pausinystalia yohimbe Family: Rubiaceae

Parts Used: bark

Cultivated In: Africa

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Jes

:: note ::

all information provided is for educational purposes only. this information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. references: herbal notes from UMass Amherst (2004 to 2006)- PlSoil 280 Herbs, Spice, and Medicinal Plants. Lyle E. Craker. Spring Semester, 2004, Wikipedia, Botanical.com, Mountain Rose Herbs.com, a plant walk with chris marano 2011, susun weeds infusion tips.


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